Citizenship In India

  • Citizenship Act 1955 provides various modes for acquisition of citizenship.

    • 1. Citizenship by birth – person born after Jan- 26, 1950 is a citizen be birth.

    • 2. Citizenship by descent- person born outside India on or after Jan 26, 1950 is a citizen, if either of his parents is a citizen of India at the time of person’s birth.

    • 3. Citizenship by Registration – application is made before the prescribed authority e.g. persons who are married to citizen of India.

    • 4. Citizenship by raturalization – a foreigner who applies for naturalization to the GOI can become citizen.

    • 5. Citizenship by incorporations of Territory.

    Loss of Citizenships: the Act of 1955 provides 3 ways by which citizenship may be lost. These are:

    • 1. Renunciation – Voluntary act.

    • 2. Termination – By operation of law when one acquires citizenship of another country.

    • 3. Deprivation – compulsory termination by and order of GOI, cases when citizenship is acquired by fraud or a person shows disaffection or disloyalty to the state.

  • DUAL CITIZENSAHIP

    • • The dual citizenship means providing overseas citizenship of India (OCI) to those persons of ? Indian origin (PIOs) in various countries who have acquired citizenship in those countries.

    • • The Citizenship Amendment Act 203 provides for dual citizenship to PIOs in 16 countries such as UK, USA, Canada, Australia, Finland etc.

    • • The act , which is based on the recommendations of Parliamentary standing committee on home affairs has amended the Indian Citizenship Act of 1955.

    • • Act defines OVERSEAS CITIZENSHIP OF INDIA (OCI) to mean a person who,
      • 1. Is of Indian origin being a citizen of a specified country, or

      • 2. Was a citizen of ?India immediately before becoming a citizen of a specified country and is registered as an OCI by the central government .


  • RIGHTS TO OCI

    • •Entitled to carry Indian Passport (10 years validity.)

    • •Not require visa to enter India .

    • •Enjoys same legal protection like a citizen for his property rights and investments in India.

    • •May enjoy special consideration with regard to admission in educational institutions.

  • RIGHTS NOT GIVEN TO OCI

    • •No voting rights .

    • •Not eligible to become a member of either Lok Sabha or Rajya Sabha.

    • •Not have the right to equality of opportunity in matters of public employment .