Minerals Food Sources Properties Deficiency Diseases
Calcium Milk, cheese and other diary products, nuts, green leafy vegetables. Build and maintain bones and teeth, control heart beat and blood pressure. Weak teeth and bones, poor development of body.
Iron Meat, liver, egg yolk, nuts, cereals. It is requir ed for transportation of Oxygen in the blood. Maintains Haemoglobin level in the blood. Anaemia, weak immunity.
Iodine Iodine - enriched salt, milk, cheese. Iodine is the main building block of thyroid hormone, T3 and T4. It is essential for proper developm ent of the body. Goitre.
Phosphorus Meat, fish, poultry, cereals It is required in building strong bones and teeth. It also repair cells. It is a component of DNA and RNA. Poor body growth, weak bones and teeth.
Sodium Salt Maintains water balance, blood pressure and nervous system. Low blood pressure, muscle cramp.
Zinc Meat, liver, fish, milk, cheese and other diary products It is important for the function for the enzymes in the body. It builds immunity and regulates cholesterol levels. Retarded body growth
Potassium Fish, milk, pulses, nuts, green vegetables, meat. It maintains the pH balance of the blood. It controls the water balance of the body. Low blood pressure, weak muscles.